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Provenance in the World War II Era, 1933 - 1945
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Background, Documentation, Law and Research

Use these online resources for additional information on World War II era provenance issues, documentation, history, laws, policies, and research. These links include the American Association of Museums Nazi-Era Provenance Portal, the AAM and AAMD guidelines and related material, and independent and governmental Web sites that address World War II / Nazi-era cultural property policies and background records and documentation on restitution efforts after 1945.
(Updated March 2010)

Guidelines and Government Resources

American Association of Museums

AAM Guidelines Concerning the Unlawful Appropriation of Objects During the Nazi Era
new browser window http://www.aam-us.org/museumresources/ethics/nazi_guidelines.cfm
AAM Recommended Procedures for Providing Information to the Public about Objects Transferred in Europe during the Nazi Era
new browser window http://www.aam-us.org/museumresources/prov/procedures.cfm
AAM Nazi-Era Provenance Internet Portal Project
Provides a searchable registry of objects in U.S. museum collections that changed hands in Continental Europe during the Nazi era (1933-1945).
new browser window http://www.nepip.org/

Association of Art Museum Directors

Report of the AAMD Task Force on the Spoliation of Art during the Nazi/World War II Era (1933-1945)
new browser window http://www.aamd.org/papers/guideln.php

United States Resources

Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United States

new browser window http://www.pcha.gov/

United States Department of State Holocaust Issues

new browser window http://www.state.gov/www/regions/eur/holocausthp.html

Washington Conference Principles on Nazi-confiscated Art (1998)

new browser window http://www.state.gov/www/regions/eur/981203_heac_art_princ.html

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Holocaust Era Assets

new browser window http://www.ushmm.org/assets/

New York State Holocaust Claims Processing Department

new browser window http://www.claims.state.ny.us/link.htm

International Resources

United Nations International Council of Museums (ICOM) Spoliation of Jewish Cultural Property
International resources on the issue of spoliation of Jewish cultural property during the Second World War.

new browser window http://icom.museum/spoliation.html

World Jewish Congress
An international organization whose mission is to address the interests and needs of Jews and Jewish communities throughout the world.

new browser window http://www.worldjewishcongress.org/

Bureau for Provenance Investigation/Research (Berlin, Germany)
Supports museums, libraries, archives and other public institutions in Germany, tasked with identifying the cultural artifacts in their collections or in their possessions, which were taken from their lawful owners during the period of National Socialist rule. They also support the various research projects and maintain a database of project results.

new browser window http://www.smb.museum/provenienzforschung

Archives and Documentation

National Archives - Holocaust-Era Assets Finding Aid to Records

new browser window http://www.archives.gov/research/holocaust/finding-aid/

National Archives Holocaust Records at Footnote.com
Holocaust Collection. In June 2009 a joint project of the national archives in France, Germany, the UK and the US, to digitize their Holocaust related records was announced in Prague. An initial set of over one million Holocaust-related records - including millions of names and 26,000 photos from the National Archives- went online at the end of September 2009.

new browser window http://go.footnote.com/holocaust/

World War II Resources at The National Gallery of Art (Washington, DC)

new browser window http://www.nga.gov/collection/provfeat.htm

Project for the Documentation of Wartime Cultural Losses
Contains digital documentation on art looting and a section on Russian law regarding trophy art.

new browser window http://docproj.loyola.edu/

Provenance Research at the Getty Research Institute
Contains links to their own resources (art dealer records, photo archives, auction catalogues, etc.) and provenance databases, as well as related public websites.

new browser window http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/provenance_index/

Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Contains an extensive collection of art gallery records and a number of papers of American art historians directly involved in World War II restitutions.

new browser window http://www.aaa.si.edu/

Mémorial de la Shoah, Musée Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine
The archives of the CDJC contain collections of more than thirty million archive documents, including many originals bearing the signature of the heads of the Third Reich and those responsible for the deportation of the Jews from France.

new browser window

French:http://www.memorialdelashoah.org/getHomeAction.do?langage=fr

new browser window

English:http://www.memorialdelashoah.org/getHomeAction.do?langage=en

Related Organizations

Central Registry of Information on Looted Cultural Property 1933-1945
Contains recent news and upcoming events in the field, as well as a searchable Database of over 25,000 looted objects.

new browser window http://www.lootedart.com

Commission for Art Recovery
Established in 1997 to spur efforts to restitute art that was seized, confiscated, or wrongfully taken as a result of the policies of the Third Reich and the devastation of the Holocaust.

new browser window http://www.commartrecovery.org/about.php

The Art Loss Register on the Internet: Helping the Victims of Art Theft
Private database of lost and stolen art, antiques and collectables. Its range of services includes item registration, search and recovery services to collectors, the art trade, insurers and worldwide law enforcement agencies.

new browser window http://www.artloss.com/

International Foundation for Art Research
IFAR offers impartial and authoritative information on authenticity, ownership, theft, and other artistic, legal, and ethical issues concerning art objects.

new browser window http://www.ifar.org/home.php

National Stolen Art File and Art Theft Notices

new browser window http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/arttheft/nationalstolen.htm

Commission for Looted Art in Europe (CLAE)

new browser window http://www.lootedartcommission.com

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